Dr. Anna Pudinak on Seasonal Allergy Causes and Treatments: Sponsored Content
 
Bergen County News
 

In this mybergen.com Healthy Living Blog, Dr. Anna Pudinak, MD, of AP Health Family Practice in Clifton, New Jersey, explains the causes and treatment options available for seasonal allergies.

What are seasonal allergies?

Seasonal allergies, also called “hay fever,” are a group of conditions that can cause sneezing, a stuffy nose, or a runny nose. Symptoms usually only occur at certain times of the year. Most seasonal allergies are caused by:

Pollens from trees, grasses, or weeds

Mold spores, which grow when the weather is humid, wet, or damp

Normally, people breathe in these substances without a problem. When a person has a seasonal allergy, his or her immune system acts as if the substance is harmful to the body. This causes symptoms. Many people first get seasonal allergies when they are children or young adults. Seasonal allergies are usually life-long, but symptoms can get better or worse over time. Seasonal allergies sometimes run in families.

Some people have symptoms like those of seasonal allergies, but their symptoms last all year. Year-round symptoms are usually caused by:

Insects, such as dust mites and cockroaches

Animals, such as cats and dogs

Mold spores

What are the symptoms of seasonal allergies?

Symptoms can include:

Stuffy nose, runny nose, or sneezing a lot

Itchy or red eyes

Sore throat, or itching of the throat or ears

Waking up at night or trouble sleeping

Feeling tired all day

How are seasonal allergies treated?

People with seasonal allergies might use one or more of the following treatments to help reduce their symptoms:

Nose Rinses

Steroid Sprays

Antihistamines

Decongestants

Allergy Shots

Allergy pills (under the tongue)

Can seasonal allergy symptoms be prevented?

Yes. Some people can prevent symptoms by starting their medicine a week or two before the time of year that you start having symptoms. You can also help prevent symptoms by avoiding the things you are allergic to. For example, people who are allergic to pollen can:

Stay inside during the times of the year when they have symptoms

Keep car and house windows closed, and use air conditioning instead

Take a shower before bed to rinse pollen off their hair and skin

Wear a dust mask if they need to be outside, especially if sweeping or blowing off walks, decks or driveways