Types of Acne and Treatment Options, Healthy Living Blog by Dr. Anna Pudinak, MD, of AP Health Family Practice: Sponsored Content
 Dr. Anna Pudinak MD

Many of us have experienced acne at some point in our lives. While these blemishes can be bothersome and even have an effect on your self esteem, there are numerous treatments that can help you to get this skin problem under control. In this mybergen.com Healthy Living Blog, Dr. Anna Pudinak, MD, of AP Health Family Practice in Clifton, New Jersey, explains the causes and treatment options available for acne.

Acne Vulgaris is the most common cutaneous disorder affecting adolescents and young adults. Acne tends to resolve in the third decade, but it may persist in adulthood. Acne Vulgaris is a disease of sebaceous follicles.

Four Factors Are Involved...

  • Follicular hyper keratinization
  • Increased sebum production
  • Propionibacterium acnes within the follicle
  • Inflammation

Types of Acne Lesions

  • Closed comedo (a whitehead)
  • Open comedo (a blackhead)
  • Inflammatory lesion or nodule

Diet, Management and Misconceptions

The potential role for diet in acne is controversial; foods do not worsen acne.

Acne is not a result of poor hygiene. Constant washing doesn't’t improve acne. In fact, scrubbing dries and irritates skin further.

Do not squeeze lesions (forces pus into dermis, causes inflammation and scarring).

Limit washing face to two to three times per day.

Individuals who have close family members with acne are at increased risk for the disorder.

There is significant association between rising BMI and increased risk for acne only among females.

Treatment of Acne

There are multiple medications on the market available to treat acne, including topical retinoid which can be very effective, topical antimicrobials, topical combination products, Azelaic acid, Salicylic acid, oral antibiotics, hormonal agents and oral retinoid. There are also older medications which are really effecting and inexpensive.

Dr. Anna Pudinak worked as a dermatologist in Russia. She typically sees acne patients every six to eight